Ba Chua Xu or Chua Xu Thanh Mau (Holy Mother of the Realm) is a prosperity goddess of southern Vietnam’s Thanism. She is a tutelary of business, health, and a protector of the Vietnamese border.
In the beginning Ba Chua Xu Temple was simply constructed with bamboo and leaves at a sunken land West of Sam mountain, with its back against the mountain. In 1870 the temple was built with bricks and again renovated in 1962 with stone and double tiles. It was enlarged in 1965 with fence erected round the main worshiping facility. The temple was greatly upgraded in 1972 until its completion in 1976, making its present features. Architecture of the temple has a shape of a tower with three stories and three -level roof. Inside the temple there is a main worshipping altar with a statue of the Regional Goddess. Skillful decorations inside the temple bear Indian artistic traits…
Ba Chua Xu Temple Festival is the biggest folk festivity of Southern Vietnam. The festival is held annually from the 23rd to the 27th of the fourth lunar month
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The Ba Chua Xu Temple Festival, a national intangible cultural heritage held in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta province of An Giang, will take place at Ba Chua Xu Temple in Chau Doc Town on May 29 – June 2.
The festival reflects folk beliefs and the distinct identity of the country and the southern region. The event will include dragon dances and art performances.